Baruch Spinoza (1632-1677) was a Jewish-Portuguese-Dutch Philosopher.
Spinoza's insights help evolve all Religions to a Universal Religion.
Just as the Hebrew Bible was the Constitution of the then Hebrew State,
so the World Bible will be the Constitution of the to-be World State.

Joseph B. Yesselman's Home Page

IntroductionPurpose  -  Spinozistic Ideas  -  Mark Twain and Spinoza
  JBY Web Pages  -  Spinozistic Glossary and Index  -  Wikipedia Contributions
Spinoza Electronic Texts & eBooks  -  Elwes's Introduction  -  Link and Endnote Search  
Spinoza Internet Web SitesDurant's TributeGraetz's Censure  - Topics & Threads
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Spinoza defined "sorrow, boredom, joy" with one definition.

You TRY—it's difficult, but enlightening.  The more you try,
the more will the insight's beauty delight you.                                          E3:Preface(12)

Caution: words such as "panic, anguish, displeased, bored, pleased,
delight,  elation"  are  properties  not  definitions.  Try  for  the cause;
the  measuring yardstick.    G:Note 1< E1:Parkinson:2601 >

               Keep trying.


Spinoza also defined "hate, indifference, love" with one definition.

You TRY—it's difficult,  but enlightening.   It is harder than defining
"sorrow... joy."  The more you try, the more will the insight's beauty            E3:Preface(12)
delight you.

                E-mail your definition of "hate, indifference, love".

Caution  again:  words  such  as  "hate,  despise, dislike, indifferent,
like,  fond,  love"  are  properties  not  definitions.  Try for the cause;
the  measuring  yardstick.   G:Note 1< E1:Parkinson:2601 >

                Keep trying.


  Spinoza  defined  the  terms  "perfection";  "sorrow-boredom-joy";  "hate-indifference-love"
  by  their  causes;  not  by  their  properties.   G:Note 1 ,   < E1:Parkinson:2601 > ,  Calculus Format.

The above terms are respectively analogous to "distance", "velocity", and "acceleration".

°ACCELERATION  °FAITH           C:Fig.1(b)      = °HATE...INDIFFERENCE...°LOVE

                                                                                                     Expressed in Calculus
Table 1 - The Key to Understanding °EMOTION & °FAITH
                                                                                Life's Roller Coaster

Mull over this table carefully.  Chapters of Spinoza's insights are embedded.

E-mail for Table 1 clarification request, suggestion, or disagreement.


From Will Durant's "Story of Philosophy"; Washington Square Press; 18th Printing, 1965;
        Page. xiv.

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I  stumbled  upon  Spinoza  after I studied Calculus in college.  Spinoza's 
definitions  of  sorrow, boredom, joyhate, indifference, love, seemed to 
me to lend themselves to Calculus expression.  The more I studied these 
equations  the  more I realized how important they were in understanding 
roller-coaster  emotions  and everyday relationships—you love not out of 
altruism, but out of self-interest.   

As I kept studying Spinoza,  I was really hooked when what happened to  
me is what Elwes thought happened to Spinoza.   

From Elwes's Introduction to his Translations of Spinoza's Works.  

This  "unfolding itself"  was  to me an infinite "organic interdependence of   Importance of 1D6 = ONE
parts" which  led  directly  to the "Golden Rule";  not out of altruism but of 
enlightened self-interest. 

Now,  after  some  fifty-six  years,  I am still studying Spinoza and gaining 
ever-new insights. 

            We all want Joy. 
            We all want Love. 
            We all want Peace-of-Mind. 
To  get  them,  a  profound  understanding  of  them helps. 
Spinoza's  insights  help  provide  such  understanding. 
Your understanding minimizes your loss of Peace-of-Mind.  
Aristotle "Nicomachean Ethics - Book I": 
           "Shall we not, like archers who have a mark to aim at, be more 
            likely to hit upon what we should? If so, we must try, in outline 
            at least, to determine what it is, . . . "  Bk.XIV:1:4174.  

TP1:(1:4:2):288—Spinoza's Dictum: 
           "I have made a ceaseless effort not to ridicule, not to bewail,               E2:XLIX(69) 
            not  to  scorn  human actions,  but  to  understand  them."             George Eliot


"Book III   is   valuable  for  showing  Spinoza's  Method  for  achieving               Mark Twain 
Wisdom  (PcM):  posit  G-D,   define Conatusdefine an infinite  thing 
by its Essence, and define finite things by their causes. These precise 
definitions   lead   to   the  understanding  which  brings  Blessedness.  


Do  not  read  these Web Pages (and the electronic texts listed below)       Durant's Story
linearly  as  you  would  a novel,  but  rather  follow  all the links in turn.         EL:[3]:vi
You   will   then   be   putting   hypertexting   to   its   fullest   and   best         Schorsch
advantage—the fuller discussion of  a thread. If you do not stick to one      Tickle the Fancy
thread at a time,  this Web Site will be very convoluted, confusing, and
an annoying maze.

If you prefer to read linearly, read these plain vanilla text versions, abridged
versions, e-book versions,
or best, study the printed book—book page num-
are given for most scanned books. 

Another suggestion: select a Topic and follow all its links. 

Return to top of Page.


Abridgments are in a format suitable for eBook conversion. 
Only links, comments, and endnotes are abridged, not Spinoza's Works.
For eBook Notes and abbreviations
see below.

Spinozistic Insights:
       Chapter 1 - Definitions  
       Chapter 2 - Hypotheses   

Spinozistic Calculus     Spinozistic insights expressed in Calculus & in Graphs.

Spinozistic Dialogue:
       Act 1 - Definitions  
       Act 2 - Hypotheses
                                                                        Netscape does not work for MSR or TK3R links.
Spinozistic Ideas - HTML, Abridgment, MSR, AeR, TK3R. See eBook Notes for abbreviations.

Mark Twain and Spinoza - HTML, Abridgment, MSR, AeR, TK3R.

Christiainity and Spinoza

Buddhism and SpinozaBuddhistic Glossary and Index

Spinozistic Scriptural Interpretations

Spinozistic Glossary and Index  –   Notes, Bibliography and Citation Abbreviations.
                                                       Names, Topics & Threads.

Spinozistic Contributions to Wikipedia  –  The summation of my Spinoza studies.

Jewish - Islamic Philosophy – The root sources of Spinoza's philosophy
                                                and others for whom he left sources.

Columbia—A Short Biography of Spinoza  –   Elwes—A Longer Biography of Spinoza
Wolf—A Still Longer Biography of Spinoza  –   Dialectical Logic  –   Endnote and Link Search
"Spinoza, Benedict de" on Encyclopædia Britannica Online – if not subscribed.
( All Britannica links require Versions 4.0 or higher. Britannica has greatly changed; some of my Britannica links may not work, sorry)


Abridgments are in an HTML format suitable for conversion by eBook authoring tools.
Where an eBook Reader abbreviation is given, the HTML has been converted for that Reader.
For eBook Notes and abbreviations
see below.

Wolf's introduction to the Short Treatise on G-D, Man, and his Well-Being (WST).

Short Treatise on G-D, Man, and his Well-Being (ST).

Elwes's Introduction  –  From Book II.      JBY Paragraph Numbers, Commentary, and Links.
               HTML, Abridgment, MSR, AeR, TK3R. See eBook Notes for abbreviations.

On the Improvement of the Understanding (TEI) – From Book I.
              TEXT, HTML, Abridgment, MSR, AeR, TK3R.
Elwes's translation, Curley's Para. #s, JBY Sentence Numbers, Commentary, and Links.

The Ethics – From Book IElwes's translation, JBY Sentence Numbers, Commentary, and Links.  
              TEXT          –
   Part IPart IIPart III ,  Part IVPart V              
                 Part IPart IIPart IIIPart IVPart V
                 Abridgment  –   Part I ,  Part II ,  Part III ,  Part IV ,  Part V.

A Theologico-Political Treatise (TTP) – From Book IIElwes's translation, JBY Sentence Numbers,
             HTML    TEXT      Part 1  – Chapters I to V. Abridgment.                 Commentary, and Links.
             HTML    TEXT      Part 2  –  Chapters VI to X
             HTML    TEXT      Part 3  –  Chapters XI to XV
             HTML    TEXT      Part 4  –  Chapters XVI to XX

A Political Treatise (TP) – From Book IIGusset's translation, JBY Sentence Numbers, Commentary,
             HTML    TEXT       Part 1  –  Chapters I to V                                                         and Links.
             HTML    TEXT       Part 2  –  Chapters VI & VII
             HTML    TEXT       Part 3  –  Chapters VIII to XI

The Letters - JBY Paragraph Numbers, Commentary, and Links.

Bibliography and Citation Abbreviations for these Web Pages.

Glossary and Index for these Web Pages, Names, Topics &Threads.

A MiniCD of this entire web site is available. Please mail an enclosed
self-addressed envelope,
e-mail address, (if able) US$5.00/disk to: 
       Joseph B. Yesselman
       9910 Fairfax Square - Apt. 81
       Fairfax, VA 22031  

                       Photo by Sharon Silverman, my granddaughter.

           Round 8 cm (3.1") diam.      Business Card 8/6 cm (3.1"/2.3")
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If getting online is inconvenient, difficult, costly, or downloading
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or save the file to hard-disk. Off-line, off-site links will fail. 

eBook Notes:

    1.  An "Abridgment" listing indicates that the HTML online version is
         abridged and formatted for a specific eBook Reader conversion,

         by such authoring tools as:  

    2.  Abbreviations for converted HTML files for a specific eBook Reader:

       3. Omit.
     4.  Use Internet Explorer, if possible, for downloading eBooks.

     5.  Netscape does not work for MSR or TK3R links.
          I don't know why; experts, please help.



  "Ethics, TIE, TP, & Letters"

  Geometrico Demonstrata

  Reading the Ethics of Spinoza
  On a CD-ROM (includes Latin).

  The Complete Works of Spinoza
  (Baruch Spinoza, Opera Omnia)
  presents the complete Text of all   the Works of Spinoza in original
  language on a CD.

  Spinoza Kyokai

   "Rudolf W. MEIJER"

   Ulrich Harsch <harsch@rz.fh-augsburg.de>

   PHRONESIS SARL <contact@alapage.com>

   Publisher: Biblia - <biblia@biblia.it>
   Via Borgonuovo 4 - 20121 Milano 
   Tel. 026572436 - Fax 0229001013.

  Spinoza Society of Japan

         Seal   &   Signature

  Spinoza et Nous (in French)

  The Spinoza Net <TheEditor@spinoza.net>
  The Works

  Henrique Diaz <hendiaz@free.fr>.

  The Giants of Philosophy
  Baruch Spinoza
  The Netherlands (1632-1677)
  Read by Charlton Heston
  Script by J. Thomas Cook,
   Talking Book World Audiobook
   Two Audio Cassettes - ISBN 0938935216
    I highly recommend.
  The Continental Rationalists,     Spinoza, Descartes, & Leibniz.
  Available  on  a  CD  from
  IntLex's Past Master Series
   Book VIII (Volume 1) – "The Collected Works
Spinoza"  Edited and Translated by Edwin
   Curley; 1985; 

  CD complete with Old and New     Testaments in many languages,
  Hebrew and Greek lexicons and
  morphological databases keyed
  to Strong's Numbers.
   "Bible Works for Windows" - Hermeneutika.
   I highly recommend this CD;  I find it
  Great Thinkers
  Thoemmes Press - The History of Ideas.
  Great Thinkers


   Dey Alexander

  Philosophy in Cyberspace.
  The Ethics
   Santiago Barona

   "The Ethics- Part I" beautifully hypertexted.
  Spinoza's Ethics
  James's  Pragmatism
  Charles Peirce's - How to Make
  our Ideas Clear

  Thomas Hobbes's Leviathan.
   Andy Blunden <ablunden@mira.net>
   Miniature Library of Philosophy

   E. V. Ilyenkov's Essay 2 - Dialectical Logic

  Spinoza's "The Ethics
  E2: The Lemmas on Bodies
   Ron Bombardi <rbombard@frank.mtsu.edu>
   MTSU Philosophy WebWorks Hypertext
   Edition © 1997
  Benedictus de Spinoza

  Benedict de Spinoza
  and Spinozism

   Björn Christensson <bjoch509@knuten.liu.se>

   Will Durant. The Story of Philosophy: 4. Spinoza

  Spinoza Biography
  Key terms explained.
   Garth Kemerling's Philosophy Pages
     Philosophy Pages>
  Benedict de Spinoza    Peter Landry <peteblu@valueweb.net>
   Excellent Short Biographies of related Philosophers.
  Spinoza Webliography    Ian Martin <spinoza@meta4.co.uk>
   The Life, The Philosophy, The Work.
  Intro, Short Treatise, TEI,
  Ethics, TTP, Corr., Index.
   Terry Neff  <tneff@earthlink.net>
   Spinoza Works hypertexted in a
   split frame mode.

  William James
  The Pragmatic Method
   Professor Frank Pajares
  A Political Treatise    Jon Roland of the Constitution Society
   See JBY TP for citation to use text.
  The Philosophy Net    Daniel Rönnedal

   Philosophers, Links, Chat .
  On the Improvement
  of the Understanding
    Cosma Shalizi <shalizi@santafe.edu>
   See JBY TEI for citation to use his text.
  Baruch Spinoza Links
  Electronic Texts
   Thomas Ryan Stone    <webmaster@epistemelinks.com>
   Episteme Links
  Benedict Spinoza    Craig Swanson <craig@perspicuity.com>
  Benedict de Spinoza
  Thomas Hobbes's Leviathan.
  Both with great search engine.
   William Uzgalis <WUzgalis@orst.edu
   Philosophy Department, Oregon State

  Science Library    Spinoza Webliography. 
  Baruch Spinoza
  Benedict Spinoza
  Spinoza Search    Excite.
  Spinoza Search     Google
  Spinoza Search     Lycos
  Philosophy Search

  Spinoza Search    Hippias, a philosophy-specific search engine.
  Spinoza Search    Britannica.
  Studia Spinoziana    A treasury of Spinoza links.
  Works of Spinoza Search
  English Text Versions.
   Project Gutenburg.
   Founder: Michael Hart <hart@pobox.com>
  Aladin    Access to Library and Database Information
Listing of books by and on Spinoza.
  Malaspina Great
    Malaspina University-College.
   Books by and on Spinoza and where

  Rijnsburg, Holland
  The Hague
  Yad Vashem in Israel
   US Holocaust Memorial Museum
  Search for Jewish Victims
   The Spinoza House  Association 1897-1997
   In Spinoza's Rijnsburg -       T.Bakker <tbakker@vianetworks.nl>
  Spinoza Society Newsletters    North American Spinoza Society.
   Steven Barbone <barbone@rohan.sdsu.edu>
  Home of Slow Reading.
  Ethics - Logical Index
   The Free Lance Academy
   Spinoza Mailing Lists


                      I am an eighty-four year old retired Structural Engineer who has for some sixty-odd years
                studied Spinoza whenever earning a living and having a family and friends permitted.
                         I have explained my unending fascination with Spinoza in the Preface to Spinozistic Ideas.

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