Biology

Obesity is associated with some health problems.

obesity

Adipose tissue, often known as fatty tissue, is the body’s storing metabolic energy for long periods in both humans and animals. When there is an increase in energy demand, fat cells or adipocytes either store fat that has been obtained from the food or liver metabolism or liberate stored fat as fatty acids, depending on the present physiological circumstances. These metabolic processes are controlled by various hormones, with insulin, glucagon, and cortisol playing the most critical roles. When a person has excessive body fat or an abnormally distributed amount of body fat, this is considered obese. It increases the likelihood of developing some severe health problems. Body fat that is too much puts a burden on the bones and organs. As well as this, it causes complicated changes in hormonal and metabolism, and it makes the person more inflamed.

Heart disease is a medical condition that affects the heart.

People who are overweight or obese are more likely to get heart disease. Fat cells may build up in the arteries that feed blood to the heart over time. Obesity is associated with atrial fibrillation, reduced cholesterol, triglycerides, and blood sugar levels higher than usual, all of which are associated with heart disease. A heart attack may occur when the arteries in the heart become narrowed. A stroke may occur as a consequence of blood clots forming in narrow streets.

What is the relationship between excess body weight and stress?

Cortisol glucocorticoids are generated by the two adrenal glands situated above each kidney and are responsible for the production of cholesterol. In most cases, it is produced in reaction to specific events and situations, such as getting up in the morning, exercising, and experiencing severe stress. When it comes to the body’s attempt to carry out its activities and maintain homeostasis, cortisol’s widespread, systemic impacts play various functions. Cortisol also has a significant position in the regulation of human nutritional needs. It controls energy by determining the appropriate kind and quantity of substrate (carbohydrate, fat, or protein) that the body requires to satisfy the physiological demands put on the body. Whenever cortisol levels are high for an extended period, it may have severe consequences on weight, immunological function, and the risk of developing chronic diseases.

Stroke

Stroke and heart failure are both associated with several lifestyle factors. A stroke occurs when the blood supply to the brain is cut off for an extended period. The damage caused by a stroke may result in various impairments, such as speech therapy difficulty, muscular weakness, and alterations in reasoning and problem-solving capabilities, among others.

High blood pressure medical condition.

Excess weight tissue in the body necessitates the use of more oxygen and nutrients. It will be necessary for your blood vessels to circulate more blood to the additional fat tissue. This implies that your heart has to work significantly harder to squeeze blood throughout your body.

The increased quantity of blood flowing puts more strain on the walls of your arteries, which may cause them to rupture. High blood pressure, often known as hypertension, is the result of this additional pressure. High blood pressure may cause long-term damage to your heart and vessels over time.

 

 

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